Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
According to United Nations Environment Protection (UNEP), more than 2.5 billion people lack access to modern sanitation which has put them at risks of diseases. Over 800 million lack access to dependable access to clean water. In Africa, several people in communities, especially the women trek long distances and wait for hours at the water wells daily. We propose to develop more green water infrastructure systems which is more resilient to climate change. How will we do it? In our water intervention, we will always want and approve solutions that are friendly to the environment and promotes climate change resilience.
- Improve Accessibility of Water. We propose to drill deep water wells (boreholes) instead of shallow wells which are drying up since the water levels In aquifer is lowering year by year by the commonest trend for rural areas. Promote use of renewable energy like solar for water extraction in production wells for schools, communities instead of generators which release green house gas into the atmosphere and more expensive and unsustainable. Use of clean drinking water means easily fighting preventable diseases in communities. Water User Committees will be elected by the beneficiary community with respect to guidelines and trained for a sustainable governing of the water hardware system and software activities.
- Improve Sanitation and Hygiene. For Schools, rural communities and Towns in Africa, we propose to re-design all the sanitation infrastructures like latrines to have less materials (just enough) and make it drainable, so that just one unit is used for a long time instead of spoiling the environment with sinking pits year after year. This means reduced use of materials (sand, timber, paints) and energy (firing bricks, transportation gas/fuel). We will promote the adoption of key hygiene and sanitation behaviors using PHAST methodologies.
- Water productivity and economizing. In wet seasons of rain, communities can dig deep pits and keep water for later use in dry seasons in crop production. In the same way, water can be stored by using rain water harvesting techniques hence avoiding waste of water running down the valley/drain. In Towns, Cities,we will promote people to economize water by using "press and hold" taps, connecting rainwater to toilet cisterns for flashing among others. "Every drop counts"
- Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). As we do our work, the question that keeps lingering in our minds as EGAA is: How sustainable is the project/program as in development? Does it include a provision for protecting eco-system in a coordinated manner? This means, the aspect of owning or coordinated management by Local Governments, Regional Governments and communities is no doubt, a serious issue in addition to the environment and climate aspect of the IWRM as per our approach.
- Disasters: For disasters, we need to have mobile water tanks, mobile water purification systems and other appropriate water intervention measures when disaster strikes. This will be implemented as already described under the climate change programme.